The first word Dictionary.com uses to describe the word mute is ‘silent’. While some parents of beginner brass players may wish it were so, this is not what is meant in the world of music.
By the 17th Century brass instruments were undergoing some major innovations and in Monteverdi’s Toccata, from his Opera L’Orfeo, we have one of the earliest examples of mutes being used in orchestral music: ‘Clarino con tre trombe sordine’.
So mutes have been around for a long time and remain much loved and used today to create wealth of diversity within the timbre of brass instruments.
What are the different mute types?
Straight MuteIn many ways this is the fundamental must have mute that’s good for just about anything. Usually made of aluminum, card or (as in Humes and Bergs case) a ‘secret formula’ these mutes have a cone like shape that fits the bell of the brass instrument, held in place by three strips of cork. Depending on the material used these mutes can make a stuffy or more piercing sound, either way the instrument is quieter with a straight mute in.
Where the name for this mute came from is not too hard to guess. With a similar basic construction to a straight mute that fits your instrument in the same way the addition of the cup on the end helps create a mellower and softer sound.
Now we are onto some mutes that make some really interesting sounds!