The trumpet has 3 valves that alter the pitch within a harmonic series of the instrument.  This is due to each valve having a different length of tubing.

The Golden rule for brass instruments is:

“The longer tube the lower the pitch will go in that given harmonic series of notes”

To get all of the pitches, you need change the Harmonic series. This is done by tightening and loosening the tension of your lips, this will create a higher or lower sounding buzz.  A high buzz will be created by tight lips and a fast stream of air pushed through them causing a high frequency of vibrations this will result in a produce a high note.

The Harmonic series of a trumpet 

 

The image shows the trumpet harmonics series in Bb pitch.

trumpet-series1These notes to the left show the pitches that can be played by not using the valves. By just tightening up and loosing the lips.

The note in brackets is very flat when played using no valves. Therefore I do not recommend playing it using no valves.

 

What there is to know?

trumpet notes1When number 1 valve is pressed the pitch is lowered one whole tone (2 semitones)

When number 2 valve is pressed the pitch is lowered half a tone (1 semitone)

When number 3 valve is pressed the pitch is lowered one and a half tones (3 semitones)

 

Valve combinations

 

Please find the key below to help you understand the fingering chart, I know the valves are being the played with the wrong hand but this has been done to show the valve combinations clearly.

 

No Valves

Imagem3Imagem3Imagem3

t5

 

 

1st Valve

circle3Imagem3Imagem3

t3

 

2nd Valve

Imagem3circle3Imagem3

t4

 

1st and 2nd Valves

circle3circle3Imagem3

t2

 

2nd and 3rd Valves

Imagem3circle3circle3

t7

 

1st and 3rd Valves

circle3Imagem3circle3

T1

 

All Valves

circle3circle3circle3

t6

 

Valve combination chart

 

Take a look at this valve combination chart. Click to enlarge.

2224527_orig

Thanks for reading I hope you found this interesting and learnt something new. If you have any questions please call the sales team on: 01283 535333 or email: sales@normans.co.uk and they will be happy to help.

About the author

Stephen started with Normans in 2014 after graduating from London College of Music with a BMus in tenor trombone performance. These days you'll find him gigging across the country and teaching to fill his time.

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Comments

  • Chika Collins 08/12/2017 at 1:49 pm

    so greate

    Reply
  • Oshin Emmanuel 22/12/2017 at 10:16 pm

    God bless you I like it all

    Reply
  • Victor Urom 20/11/2018 at 2:31 pm

    How can I get all the note in trumpet

    Reply
    • Heidi O’Callaghan 20/11/2018 at 4:38 pm

      If you are looking to increase your range then there are a few exercises that can help, such as long notes and lip-slurs.
      If you are a beginner working to get your first note a good techniques to look into is buzzing. This is a technique focuses on the vibrations of the lips used to create sound.

      Reply
  • MARFO RICHARD 29/09/2019 at 12:54 am

    you are so fantastic

    Reply
  • hi 13/12/2019 at 2:04 am

    What note is just 3rd valve?

    Reply
    • Lucy Benstead 18/12/2019 at 1:00 pm

      The 3rd valve independently produces the same harmonic series of notes as if using the 1st and 2nd valve simultaneously. However, you wouldn’t normally use the 3rd valve on its own due to intonation issues, but the harmonic series would consist of A, E, A, C# and A.

      I hope this helps!

      Thanks,
      Lucy

      Reply
  • Innocent Nwaigwe 12/03/2020 at 7:38 pm

    How do I manage my lip since I have an overbite?

    Reply
    • Lucy Benstead 09/04/2020 at 4:25 pm

      Good afternoon,

      Some advice would be to use less pressure, and to use more effort from your diaphragm and to perfect your embouchure. There are many tutorials you can find to help you do this, or if you have a teacher, they should be able to help guide you in the right direction.

      I hope this help!

      Reply
  • Felix Rulapaugh 29/04/2020 at 3:18 am

    thanks for being awesome ninja kidz

    Reply
  • fire ground 11/11/2020 at 11:49 am

    i want to learn

    Reply